Question: red toes
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You are seeing a 14 year old boy who hiked in the snow yesterday with inadequate warm clothes and footwear. He has developed swollen violaceous papules and nodules on the toes of both feet. He states that the areas are itchy and sometimes have a burning sensation. Which of the following courses of action would be appropriate?
- Advise him to avoid further cold exposure and to use appropriate protective footwear
- Perform gentle rewarming in 37 to 39 degree Celsius water
- Perform a COVID-19 test
- Reassure him that this is a benign Raynaud phenomenon