PEM Source

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All posts with tag: "imaging"

PEM Questions

(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) 14yo boy presents with LLQ abdominal pain and left hip pain for 5 days. He has not had any fever. He is an active baseball player and skinned his right knee the week before. On exam, he prefers to keep his left hip flexed at 90 degrees, walks with a limp and lordosis, and is most comfortable laying on his right side with his hips flexed. He has LLQ abdominal tenderness and has maximal pain with any attempt to extend or internally rotate his left hip. Genitourinary exam is normal. [yop_poll id="61"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) An 11 year old girl was sitting with lap belt only in the back seat of a minivan involved in a motor vehicle accident where her car was rear-ended. She has a “seat belt sign,” or ecchymosis over her lower abdomen. Her CT abdomen with contrast is normal, but she continues to have tenderness to palpation. However, she states she is hungry. [yop_poll id="48"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) A 4 year old with ventriculoperitoneal shunt revision 1 month ago, presents with headache and vomiting and increased sleepiness according to mom. The patient is well appearing and nontoxic, tolerating po’s in the ED, and has a normal funduscopic and neurologic exam. He got acetaminophen 2 hours ago and has no headache currently. [yop_poll id="39"]
Which of the following cervical spine findings would you expect to be less common in a young child as compared to an adolescent or adult? (Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) [yop_poll id="11"]  
A 3 year old comes in after falling 3 feet from the top of a kiddie slide onto cement, hitting his head. His only +PECARN symptom is 2 episodes of vomiting in the 2 hours since the fall. The medical student seeing him states to you that he is PECARN+ and he has discussed CT with the parents. What is the approximate risk of clinically important traumatic brain injury in this patient? (Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) [yop_poll id="7"]

Conundrums

(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) Note: conundrums are not meant to have a “right” answer – they are to see how most people are practicing. Would love your comments also regarding your thought processes and the evidence behind your decisions. We can learn from each other! You are seeing a 4 year old with 1 day of limp and now, refusal to bear weight. He is afebrile. On exam, his hip is irritable to passive external and internal rotation. He holds his hip slightly externally rotated. His CBC WBC is 8,400 with 50% neutrophils, and his ESR is 20. His plain films are normal. He has reliable parents and an assigned pediatrician who can see him the next day. [poll id="25"]
You are seeing a 5 year old with intermittent LLQ abdominal pain for a month. She is well appearing and has a benign abdominal exam. She is eating normally, not vomiting, and has no fever or diarrhea. The parents deny constipation or hard stools, but you suspect constipation is the diagnosis. [poll id="13"]
You are seeing a 6 year old with a wet-sounding cough for 4 days and fever to 39 C for 3 days. You hear crackles in the right lower lobe; there is no wheezing. CXR shows no infiltrates. Do you diagnose a "clinical pneumonia" with false negative CXR and treat with antibiotics? [poll id="10"]
Nearly 3 year old girl was eating nuts and had a coughing episode. 6 year old sibling told parents "she's choking on the nuts." In the ED, patient is completely asymptomatic, has a normal CXR and a 100% O2 sat on room air. [poll id="7"]

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