PEM Source

Your source for all things Pediatric Emergency Medicine

All posts with tag: "derm"

PEM Questions

(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) A 2 year old child has a flat lesion of the entire left forehead and upper eyelid the color of light red wine that has been present since birth. The family has presented to the ED because they are concerned that the child has right sided weakness.   sturge-weber-1 https://mindfulmema.wordpress.com/tag/sturge-weber/ [yop_poll id="64"]  
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) A 6yo girl presents with palpable purpura of both legs for 2 days. She has not had any fever and is well appearing. Her labs, including CBC, electrolytes, BUN, Creatinine, and ESR are normal. She does not complain of any pain. Her vital signs are temperature 37.5 C, HR 90, RR 20, BP 90/45. She has no abdominal tenderness, vomiting, respiratory difficulty, joint pain or swelling, and her urination has been normal. Her stool guaiac is negative. [yop_poll id="62"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) A 17yo boy presents with a round lesion similar to that noted below, but on his penis, noted 1 hour after taking a dose of TMP-SMX that was prescribed to him for “stomach infection.” He had 2 episodes of non-bloody diarrhea 2 days ago and went to a clinic and received the prescription, which he was unable to fill until today. The diarrhea has actually improved. He has no fever. The rash is not painful or itchy. He mentions that he previously had a similar rash in the same place after taking the same drug a few years ago. Fixed drug eruptionWikimedia Commons Donald M. Pillsbury, M.D., and Clarence S. Livingood [yop_poll id="60"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) A 9 month old baby is brought in with this problem, first noted a few hours prior. Hair tourniquet By James Heilman, MD [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons [yop_poll id="55"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) A 2 year old is brought in because all of his fingernails and toenails are falling off, painlessly. On review of the ED electronic medical record, he was seen 6 weeks ago and diagnosed with a viral infection. What viral infection did he have? [yop_poll id="38"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) A 17 year old boy comes is brought in to the ED at 2am for severe retrosternal chest pain that awoke him from sleep. He was well prior to going to bed at 11:30pm, and denies fever, cough, radiation of the pain, vomiting, trauma, foreign body ingestion. He has a past medical history of appendectomy 8 months prior, acne for which he takes an oral antibiotic and uses a topical cream daily, and mild intermittent asthma for which he uses an inhaler once or twice a year "when the weather changes." He is a straight A student applying to colleges currently. His physical examination is normal, as is a CXR and ECG. What is the probable cause of his chest pain? [yop_poll id="28"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) Which of the following is true about erythema multiforme major, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis? [yop_poll id="17"]
Impetigo http://diseasespictures.com/ What is the best treatment for this 3 year old patient’s rash? (Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) [yop_poll id="14"]
A family obtained tuna from the local farmer’s market and prepared it for dinner. The children thought the fish tasted weird, peppery or metallic, but the parents did not, and told the children to stop complaining and eat dinner. Within 20 minutes of consumption, the children complain of headache, dizziness, pruritis, abdominal cramping, and nausea. They appear somewhat flushed in the face, neck, and chest. (Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) [yop_poll id="12"]
A 10yo girl comes home from a family vacation to Florida in June, where she swam in the ocean. She has an itchy rash in the area covered by her bathing suit that started soon after swimming in the ocean and is still present 3 days later. Seabathers   http://www.medicinenet.com (Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) [yop_poll id="6"]

Conundrums

(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) Note: conundrums are not meant to have a “right” answer – they are to see how most people are practicing. Would love your comments also regarding your thought processes and the evidence behind your decisions. We can learn from each other! You are seeing a patient with a simple small abscess and no or minimal overlying cellulitis, nontoxic and afebrile, immunizations up to date, no prior abscesses. After successful incision and drainage, what treatment would you give? [poll id="27"]

Tips and Tricks

Use a glass test tube or specimen tube to press on a rash to see if it blanches - remember, petechiae and purpura don't blanch. You can also use a glass test tube as a mini-anoscope to blanch surrounding mucosa and assist in identifying anal fissures in infants. (Anal fissures are one of the many possible causes of GI bleeding in children - check out pemplaybook.org's latest podcast on GI bleeding) glass_test-focus-none-width-800 (From https://www.meningitisnow.org/meningitis-explained/signs-and-symptoms/glass-test/)  
Measure your fingernails to see which is closest to 1cm - now you will always have a 1cm "ruler" with which to measure lesions, lacerations, discolorations, etc. Measure nail  

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