PEM Source

Your source for all things Pediatric Emergency Medicine

All posts with tag: "ophtho"

PEM Questions

[yop_poll id="166"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) You are seeing a 13 year old girl with 2 days of left eye redness and pain, and 1 day of fever. She recently got a new kitten and had been having itchy eyes and nasal congestion for the last 2 weeks. Her temperature is 38.3, HR 90, RR 20, BP 110/60, O2 sat 99% on room air. She is alert, has no nuchal rigidity, and is not toxic appearing. She has left periorbital edema and erythema but her eye can be manually opened. She is PERRL, has no chemosis or proptosis, and has mild conjunctival injection but no discharge. Her extraocular movements are full, but she complains of pain with extraocular movements. Her vision is 20/20 on the right and 20/60 on the left. [yop_poll id="154"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) [yop_poll id="116"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) A 16yo boy presents with chief complaint of a black “hole” in the center of his vision in his right eye 4 days after being hit by a baseball to the eye. He has periorbital ecchymosis but no evidence of orbital fracture. Visual acuity is 20/60 on right, 20/20 on left. He is PERRL, EOMI without pain, and has normal IOP and slit lamp exam. Fundoscopic shows a deep subretinal hemorrhage in his macular area with a small curvilinear yellow line visible. [yop_poll id="109"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) Perilimbic redness [yop_poll id="103"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) [yop_poll id="53"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) Teardrop pupil www.jems.com A 2 year old toddler comes in from the playground crying and rubbing at his right eye. Exam is as above. [yop_poll id="33"]

Tips and Tricks

Use a sterile saline respiratory ampule: wet the fluorescein strip with the saline, squeeze out half of the saline, then suck the yellow fluorescein liquid back up into the ampule. Now you can use the ampule as an eyedropper. For uncooperative kids, lay them supine and squeeze the liquid into the medial corner of the closed eye - when they open their eyes it will run into the eye. Respiratory Ampules (Amazon.com) For additional methods, see AliEM's great tricks of the trade post at: https://www.aliem.com/2015/tricks-of-the-trade-fluorescein-eye/

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