PEM Source

Your source for all things Pediatric Emergency Medicine

All posts with tag: "gu"

Tips and Tricks

Nothing slows down the ED flow like waiting for the urine flow of an infant or toddler. Whether or not to screen for UTI with a clean catch urine vs obtain a catheterized specimen will be left for another discussion, but here are some of the latest techniques described for obtaining clean catch specimens. (For all, clean genital area thoroughly first) "CCU" procedure, first described by Herreros Fernandez et al, Arch Dis Child 2013;98:27, 80 infants aged < 30 days. Patient held under armpits with legs dangling in upright position. Suprapubic area gently tapped at 100 taps/minute x 30 seconds, followed by light circular massage of the lower back x 30 seconds. Repeat these maneuvers until urine collected. Successful in 86% of the infants with median time to collection 45 seconds. Labrosse et al, Pediatrics 2016;138(3):320160573 studied this CCU method with the addition of another person flexing the hips of female children, 126 infants < 6 months old. CCU method successful in providing urine sample within 300 seconds in 49%, median time 45 seconds. More successful in < 3 months old than 3-6 months old. "Quick-Wee" method, Kaufman et al, BMJ 2017;357:j1341, 354 infants aged 1-12mos With patient supine, suprapubic skin was rubbed with gauze soaked in cold saline. 31% voided within 5 minutes using Quick-Wee vs. 12% in the standard collection group. Finally, Naimer in Pediatr Emerg Care 2017;33:446 describes cutting a slit in an infant's diaper to push the urine collection bag through when obtaining a bag urine. This both helps to secure the bag and allows parents and nurses to see when the specimen has been obtained.
Your local hospital cafeteria can be a useful resource in managing your PED patients:
  1. Sugar liberally applied to the edema of a paraphimosis or rectal prolapse may help decrease swelling and improve reduction efforts
  2. A mayonnaise packet provides useful lubricant for removing a tight ring
  3. Tannins from a tea bag (particularly black tea) can help clotting with post dental extraction bleeding (place a moistened tea bag in the socket and have the patient apply pressure by biting down)
  4. A packet of sugar + 10 mL sterile water = make your own sucrose solution for treatment of pain associated with procedures in infants
Know of any more? Comment below!
A young girl comes in c/o dysuria and the urine is stone cold normal. What else can explain her symptoms? (BTW, you must do a GU exam at this point). Adhesions (labial) Bubble bath (and other soaps, irritants) Candida (particularly if recently on antibiotics, or at risk for new onset diabetes) Detergent (harsh laundry detergent, new tight clothing / underwear) Enterobius (aka pinworms) Foreign body (typically toilet paper) Gonorrhea & chlamydia (in sexually active or sexually abused) Hygiene, poor (teach girls to wipe front to back, consider having them sit on toilet backwards to urinate, especially if they are overweight/obese, to encourage complete voiding and keep urine from collecting in vagina) Irritation (masturbation is a common normal behavior in preschoolers)

Conundrums

(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) Note: conundrums are not meant to have a “right” answer – they are to see how most people are practicing. Would love your comments also regarding your thought processes and the evidence behind your decisions. We can learn from each other! For pediatric blunt trauma patients... [poll id="23"]

PEM Questions

(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) A 5 year old uncircumcised boy is brought in because his parents are concerned that they cannot retract his foreskin. On exam he has phimosis, but there are no signs of inflammation or swelling and no palpable scarring or fibrosis. The patient is asymptomatic and has experienced no ballooning, dysuria, incontinence, dribbling, or recurrent balanoposthitis or UTI. [yop_poll id="35"]
(Click the link to comment and to vote - voting not working through email, sorry!) A 15 year old girl is brought in by her uncle for a chief complaint of vaginal discharge (he explains that her parents are working and unable to bring her in). She has yellow vaginal discharge and cervical motion tenderness on exam. Her pelvic exam is otherwise unremarkable. She has a linear bruise on her neck, some circular marks on her right dorsal hand, and some linear hyperpigmented marks on her right volar wrist. She shrugs her shoulders when asked how these occurred. Her uncle states that she “does it to herself.” She avoids eye contact, is not very conversant, and her uncle answers most of her questions for her. She shakes her head “no” when asked about depression or suicidality. [yop_poll id="32"]
A 5yo uncircumcised boy comes in because his parents are unable to retract the foreskin of his penis. They have not been able to retract it ever, but now note also that he is having ballooning of the foreskin when he urinates. On exam, the opening of the foreskin is very tight. Appropriate treatment includes: A. Forceful retraction of the foreskin to break any adhesions B. Topical steroid cream and close follow-up C. Topical estrogen cream and close follow-up D. Emergent consultation with a urologist for immediate circumcision E. Reassurance that the condition will resolve by age 10 years

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