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Question: OM

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Match the child with acute otitis media to appropriate therapy per AAP guidelines (all children well-appearing, non-toxic, no distress or indications of severe otalgia, symptomatic for 1 day, and have not had recent antibiotics in the last 30 days):

Child A) 5mo old with bilateral otitis media, afebrile

Child B) 18mo old with unilateral otitis media, fever to 38.5, penicillin-allergic

Child C) 27mo old with bilateral otitis media and bilateral purulent conjunctivitis and fever to 39.1

Child D) 37mo old with unilateral otitis media, fever to 39.5, penicillin-allergic

  1. Oral analgesic
  2. Amoxicillin 90 mg/kg/day divided BID
  3. Amoxicillin-Clavulanate 90 mg/kg/day divided BID
  4. Cefdinir 14 mg/kg/day
Match the child to the treatment
ENTIDPharm

pemsou5_wp • April 14, 2020


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  1. Kelly April 15, 2020 - 1:11 pm Reply

    A) A2, B1, C3, D4
    Child A is < 24mos old and has bilateral OM, an indication for antibiotic therapy, and amoxicillin 90 mg/kg/day divided BID is first-line. Child B is 48 hours, mod-severe otalgia), so observation option with analgesia only is warranted. Child C is > 24 mos old but has a severe symptom (fever > 39) and has otitis-conjunctivitis syndrome, which is worrisome for H. Flu, making Amoxicillin-Clavulanate the first choice antibiotic. Child D is > 24 mos old but has severe symptoms with the OM, so should be treated with antibiotics, and given the child’s penicillin allergy, cefdinir is the first choice.
    Review here: http://pemsource.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Otitis-Media.pdf

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